Sep 22, 2011

Google Doodle History: Bulgaria's Independence Day (Sep 22)

Today is the Independence day of Bulgaria but there is no Google Doodle. 

Sep 22, 2008 - Bulgaria Independence Day - (Bulgaria) 

Top 5 facts from history of Bulgaria:

1. The de jure independence of Bulgaria from the Ottoman Empire was proclaimed on 22 September 1908 in the old Bulgarian capital Tarnovo by Prince (Knyaz) (afterwards Tsar) Ferdinand of Bulgaria. 

2. Bulgaria has been Europe's tenth oldest country by continuous sovereignty since that date.

3. Bulgaria had been a widely autonomous (de facto independent) principality since 3 March 1878, when it was liberated from Ottoman rule in the wake of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878.

4. On 6 September 1885, it had unified with the Bulgarian-majority Ottoman autonomous province of Eastern Rumelia. 

5. After the Liberation, Bulgaria's main external goal was the unification of all Bulgarian-inhabited areas under foreign rule into a single Bulgarian state: the main targets of Bulgarian irredentism were Macedonia and southern Thrace, which continued to be part of the Ottoman realm. 

The chaos that ensued in the Ottoman Empire following the Young Turk Revolution of 1908 provided suitable conditions for the Bulgarian proclamation of independence. 

Towards the middle of September, the democratic government of Aleksandar Malinov had decided that the suitable moment was near. 

Ferdinand of Bulgaria proclaiming 
the independence in Tarnovo, 1908

On 21 September, Ferdinand arrived at Rousse from a break in his Hungarian mansion. He was awaited there by the government to discuss the final decision on board the Krum ship. 

Danube River
The Bulgarian Town Rousse
The delegation then took the train to Tarnovo, where the official proclamation would take place. According to recent research, it was at the Dve Mogili railway station that the manifesto of independence was completed on 22 September.

The independence of Bulgaria was formally proclaimed at the SS. Forty Martyrs Church in Tarnovo. As a result, Bulgaria's status was promoted to that of a kingdom, increasing its international prestige. Ferdinand would adopt the title of Tsar instead of a Knyaz and the country would be ready to join the Balkan League and fight the Ottoman Empire in the First Balkan War of 1912–1913.

Top 10 facts about Bulgaria:

National Bulgarian Theater (Sofia)
1. Bulgaria is the 15th-largest country in Europe.

2. The First Bulgarian Empire (681–1018) was founded in the north-eastern Balkans in c. 681 by khan Asparuk. It is a unit between the Bulgars and South Slavic tribes.

A Bulgarian village - Svalenik (near Rousse)
3. After the adoption of Christianity in 864 Bulgaria became the cultural center of Slavic Europe.

A Bulgarian village - Svalenik (near Rousse)

4. Its leading cultural position was further consolidated with the invention of the Cyrillic alphabet. 

It is the basis of alphabets used in various languages, past and present, of Eastern Europe and Asia, especially those of Slavic origin, and also non-Slavic languages influenced by Russian.

May 24, 2011 - Day of Slavonic Alphabet,
Bulgarian Enlightenment and Culture - (Bulgaria)

5. The Golden Age of Bulgaria is during the rule of Simeon I (893-927).

6. The Second Bulgarian Empire (1185–1396) was the dominant power in the Balkans.


7. With the decline of the Second Bulgarian Empire (1185–1396), Bulgarian territories came under Ottoman rule for nearly five centuries.

8. The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878 led to the establishment of a Third Bulgarian state as a principality in 1878, which gained its full sovereignty in 1908 (Sep 22).



9. In 1945, after World War II, it became a communist state and was a part of the Eastern Bloc until the political changes in Eastern Europe in 1989/1990, when the Communist Party allowed multi-party elections.


10. Bulgaria is a member of the European Union since 2007.

And 5 more facts about Bulgaria:

1. Capital - Sofia

2. Population - 7,364,570;
   Area - 110,993.6 km2

3. Motto: Unity makes strength ("Съединението прави силата")

4. Flag (white, green, red)

5. Anthem - Dear Motherland  (Мила Родино)

via Wikipedia, Google, Danybon

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