Sep 16, 2011

Google Doodle for the Mexico's Independence Day

Today is the Mexico's Independence Day and Google made a special logo.

Top 5 facts about Mexico

The United Mexican States, commonly known as Mexico, is a federal constitutional republic in North America. 

Mexico is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the thirteenth largest independent nation in the world with almost two million square kilometres (over 760,000 sq mi), 

The population of over 112 million. It is the eleventh most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country. 

Mexico is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District, the capital city.

In 2007 was the tenth most visited country in the world with 21.4 million international arrivals. (Wikipedia)

Sep 16, 2010 - 

Mexico's Independence Day

More facts:

On September 16, 1810, independence from Spain was declared by priest Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, in the small town of Dolores, Guanajuato. 

The first insurgent group was formed by Hidalgo, the Spanish viceregal army captain Ignacio Allende, the militia captain Juan Aldama and "La Corregidora" Josefa Ortiz de Domínguez. Hidalgo and some of his soldiers were captured and executed by firing squad in Chihuahua, on July 31, 1811. Following his death, the leadership was assumed by priest José María Morelos, who occupied key southern cities.

In 1813 the Congress of Chilpancingo was convened and, on November 6, signed the "Solemn Act of the Declaration of Independence of Northern America". Morelos was captured and executed on December 22, 1815. In subsequent years, the insurgency was near collapse, but in 1820 Viceroy Juan Ruiz de Apodaca sent an army under the criollo general Agustín de Iturbide against the troops of Vicente Guerrero. Instead, Iturbide approached Guerrero to join forces, and in 1821 representatives of the Spanish Crown and Iturbide signed the "Treaty of Córdoba" and the "Declaration of Independence of the Mexican Empire", which recognized the independence of Mexico under the terms of the "Plan of Iguala".

After New Spain won independence from Spain, it was decided that the new country would be named after its capital, Mexico City, which was founded in 1524 on top of the ancient Aztec capital of México-Tenochtitlan. The name comes from the Nahuatl language, but its meaning is not well known. (Wikipedia)

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