Juan Antonio Lavalleja (June 24, 1784 - October 22, 1853), an Uruguayan revolutionary and political figure, led the group called "Thirty-Three Orientals" during Uruguay's Declaration of Independence from Brazil in 1825.
His leadership of this group has taken on somewhat mythic proportions in popular Uruguayan historiography.
Uruguay or officially the Oriental Republic of Uruguay is a country in the southeastern part of South America.
The word Uruguay, coming from the Guaraní language, means "river of painted birds".
It is home to some 3.5 million people, of whom 1.8 million live in the capital Montevideo and its metropolitan area. An estimated 88% of the population are of European descent.
Uruguay is one of the most economically developed countries in South America, with a high GDP per capita and the 52nd highest Human Development Index in the world as of 2010, and the first by human development in Latin America, when inequality is factored in. Uruguay is also noted for its low levels of corruption, being ranked by Transparency International as the second least corrupt country in Latin America (behind Chile). Its political and labour conditions are good. It was the highest rated country in Latin America on Legatum's 2010 Prosperity Index. Reader's Digest ranked Uruguay as the ninth "Most livable and greenest" country in the world, and first in all the Americas. Uruguay is ranked highest in Latin America on the Global Peace Index. (Wikipedia)
In 2009, Uruguay became the first nation in the world to provide every school child with a free laptop and internet.
Top 5 fact for Uruguay:
1. Motto: Libertad o muerte ("Liberty or Death")
2. Capital: Montevideo
3. Official language: Spanish
5. The "National Anthem of Uruguay" is the longest national anthem in terms of duration with 105 bars of music (about six minutes).